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Estrategia COVID y Cambios a las Actividades Esenciales, OMC y G20 – Boletín de Noticias Económicas de México – VTZ

15 May , 2020  

Actividades Esenciales, COVID, Salud, Reanudación de Actividades, Diario Oficial, DOF, México, OMC , Abogados México, Despacho de Abogados Comercio Exterior,

Esta semana en nuestro boletín de noticias Trading Room resumimos la estrategia COVID y los cambios a las actividades esenciales, la renuncia del director de la OMC, y una declaración del G20. Descarga nuestro boletín en PDF.

Estrategia COVID para reanudar actividades en México

Después de las solicitudes del gobierno y la industria de EEUU, la Secretaría de Salud finalmente publicó el día de ayer jueves 14 de mayo el Acuerdo que agrega como “actividades esenciales” a la industria de la fabricación de equipo de transporte, así como la construcción y minería; también estableció una estrategia de tres etapas para reanudar actividades educativas, sociales y económicas.

 

Ahora bien, las tres industrias mencionadas podrán reanudar actividades hasta el 1 de junio, por lo que las cadenas de suministro se verán probablemente afectadas, particularmente, las plantas OEM en EEUU que comenzarán operaciones la siguiente semana, según reportamos la semana pasada citando a la MENA.
Para mayor información sobre las etapas, consulte nuestra Alerta – COVID.

Reapertura de actividades en México por COVID-19, actividades esenciales y no esenciales

#ConfiabilidadDOF

Consideramos importante compartir que el Consejo de Salubridad General publicó un acuerdo similar el miércoles 13 de mayo. Sin embargo, el acuerdo repentina e increíblemente fue dado de baja durante el transcurso del día por el Diario Oficial de la Federación (DOF), quien presentó una explicación.

 

El ministro en retiro, José Ramón Cossío, comentó que considera que la alteración al Diario Oficial fue porque los funcionarios se dieron cuenta que el Consejo de Salubridad General era incompetente para emitir las disposiciones.

 

 

La Barra Mexicana de Abogados se pronunció sobre este grave acontecimiento en una carta exhortando a las autoridades competentes a custodiar la confiabilidad del DOF. En VTZ suscribimos el contenido de dicha carta.

Renuncia Director General de la OMC

 

El día de ayer 14 de mayo Roberto Azevedo, Director General (DG) de la OMC, anunció que dejará sus funciones el 31 de agosto de este año. Roberto Azevedo inició su cargo en el 2013, mandato que fue renovado en el 2017 y terminaba en agosto del 2021.

 

Dentro de su mandato, se logró el Acuerdo de Facilitación Comercial, la expansión del Acuerdo sobre Tecnología de la Información, entre otras decisiones; aunque también, existen críticas de que Azevedo ha sido pasivo para defender el sistema multilateral de comercio en virtud de los constantes ataques por parte de EEUU en contra el Órgano de Apelación (incluyendo los de carácter presupuestario).
De acuerdo con su discurso de despedida, Azevedo explica que renuncia porque, en parte, los miembros podrán elegir un nuevo director quien no solamente tendrá el tiempo para preparar la siguiente Conferencia Ministerial, sino también fijar un nuevo camino para el futuro de la OMC, tomando en cuenta las nuevas realidades post COVID-19.

¿Qué implicaciones hay para México?

La OMC está pasando por un momento crítico, ya que no se han logrado consensos, notoriamente, en lo que se refiere a la selección de los miembros para el Órgano de Apelación. Sin un líder al frente de la OMC, el sistema multilateral podrá estar paralizado porque difícilmente los miembros podrán lograr nuevos acuerdos para renovar las bases o fundamentos de la OMC, como nuevos acuerdos sobre subsidios, sistema de controversias, subsidios a la pesca, etc.

 

Lighthizer, el Representante Comercial de EEUU, manifestó que ve con interés participar en la selección del nuevo Director General;  sin embargo, si los miembros no logran elegir de manera pronta, la incertidumbre  comercial continuará porque difícilmente se podrán reducir las tensiones de la guerra comercial EEUU-China, regresar el “Estado de Derecho” a las relaciones comerciales internacionales castigando acciones unilaterales (proteccionistas), así como enfrentar los efectos post COVID-19.

Los bloques regionales continuarán tomando mayor relevancia en el comercio internacional, fragmentando y haciendo obsoleto el sistema multilateral. Si bien México apoya el sistema multilateral, México se ha consolidado en diversos bloques regionales, notoriamente, TMEC (con un renovado capítulo de solución de controversias), CPTPP, Alianza del Pacífico y ahora con la Unión Europea, lo cual puede detonar que México sea un polo de atracción para nuevas cadenas de valor regionales y globales.

Declaración G20 vs. COVID-19

El jueves 14 de mayo, la Secretaría de Economía informó que los Ministros de Comercio e Inversión del G20 acordaron una serie de acciones específicas a corto y largo plazo para contrarrestar los efectos económicos de la pandemia de COVID-19.

 

Las acciones previstas a corto plazo se enfocan, principalmente, en temas de regulación y facilitación del comercio, cadenas globales de valor, fortalecimiento de la inversión extranjera, transparencia y operación de los canales logísticos.

 

A largo plazo, se prevé contribuir al fortalecimiento del sistema multilateral de comercio.

 

Finalmente, el comunicado de la Secretaría de Economía señala que el Grupo de Trabajo de Comercio e Inversión del G20 deberá reportar el estatus de implementación de las acciones acordadas.

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English, News

Mexican International Trade Weekly News – COVID update and Essential Activities, WTO Azevedo and G20 – The Trading Room

15 May , 2020  

Trading Room, VTZ abogados, Mexican Lawyers, COVID, Essential Activities in Mexico, WTO, Azevedo, G20

This week on the Trading Room, we address the Mexican the weekly news that impacts international trade in Mexico: Mexican COVID-19 strategy to resume activities, changes to the essential activities, Director General of the WTO steps down and its implications to Mexico, as well as the G20 decision. Download our newsletter in the following link: Trading Room – May 15.

Changes to “Essential Activities” and Mexican COVID-19 strategy to resume activities.

After requests from the US government and industry, the Mexican Ministry of Health finally published yesterday the decision that adds as an “essential activities” the transportation equipment manufacturing industry, as well as the construction and mining; the decision also establishes a three-stage strategy to resume educational, social, and economic activities.

However, the three aforementioned industries will be able to resume activities until June 1, so supply chains will likely be affected, particularly OEM plants in the US that will begin operations the following week, as we reported last week citing the MENA.

For more information on the stages, we prepared an Alert – COVID.

 

Mexican Official Gazette Controversy

We consider it important to share that the General Health Council published a similar decision on Wednesday, May 13, however, it was suddenly and incredibly withdrawn during the day by the Official Gazette of the Federation. The department issued a statement with an explanation.

 

A retired supreme court judge, Mr. Cossío, stated in a tweet that the alteration of the Official Gazette was done because public officials realized that the General Health Council lacked powers to issue such a decision.  

 

The Mexican Bar issued a statement regarding this event calling the government to protect the trustworthiness of the Official Gazette.

In VTZ we fully endorse the content of the letter. 

WTO Director General, Azevedo, resigns.

Yesterday, May 14, Roberto Azevedo, Director General (DG) of the WTO, announced that he will step down from his position on August 31 of this year. Roberto Azevedo began his position in 2013, a mandate that was renewed in 2017, and that ended in August 2021.

 

Within his mandate, the Commercial Facilitation Agreement, the expansion of the Information Technology Agreement, among other decisions, were agreed; Also, Azevedo has been criticized for being passive in defending the multilateral trading system due to the constant attacks of the US against the Appellate Body (including on a budgetary basis).

 

According to his farewell speech, Azevedo explains that he is resigning because, in part, members will be able to choose a new director who will have the time to prepare for the next Ministerial Conference as well as to set a new path for the future of the WTO, taking into account the new post-COVID-19 realities.

 

What implications are there for Mexico?

The WTO is going through a critical time, as no consensus has been reached, notably, with regard to the selection of Appellate Body members. Without a leader at the head of the WTO, the multilateral system will be paralyzed because members will hardly be able to reach new agreements to renew the foundations of the WTO, such as new agreements on subsidies, dispute settlement, fishery subsidies, etc.

 

Lighthizer, the US Trade Representative, stated that he looks forward to participating in the selection of the new DG; however, if the members do not manage to choose promptly, the trade uncertainty will continue because it will be difficult to reduce the tensions of the US-China trade war, to return the “Rule of Law” to international trade relations punishing unilateral-protectionist actions, as well as to face the post-COVID effects.

 

The regional blocs will continue to take on greater relevance in international trade, fragmenting and rendering the multilateral system obsolete. Although Mexico is a strong supporter of the multilateral system, Mexico has established itself in various regional blocs, notably USMCA (with a renewed dispute settlement chapter), CPTPP, Pacific Alliance, and now modernizing its trade relations with the European Union, which may allow Mexico to become an attraction pole for new regional and global value chains.

G20 Statement vs. COVID-19

On May 14, the Ministry of Economy reported that the Trade and Investment Ministers of the G20 agreed on a series of specific actions in the short and long term to counter the economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

The actions foreseen in the short term focus mainly on issues of trade regulation and facilitation, global value chains, strengthening of foreign investment, transparency, and operation of logistics channels. In the long term, members agreed to strengthen the multilateral trading system.

 

Finally, the Ministry of Economy’s statement indicates that the G20 Trade and Investment Working Group must report the status of implementation of the agreed actions.

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English, News

G20, Mexico-China, and Ministry of Economy- Trading Room

5 Jul , 2019  

newsletter, g20, Mexico-China, Ministry of Economy, Best Lawyers, VTZ

The Trading Room

(Download the PDF version of our newsletter: Trading Room)

G-20 Declaration: Global Economy

On June 28th and 29th, the G20 summit was held in Osaka, Japan, and the Mexican President did not attend. We highlight, of course, the following three trade topics that were addressed in the “Global Economy” section of the declaration. First, the leaders of the G20 recognized the importance to maintain a stable, non-discriminatory trade and investment environment. Second, the G20 reaffirmed, as in Buenos Aires 2018, their support to reform the WTO, and its dispute settlement system. Third, G20 calls for a consensus by fall 2019 regarding the Steel Excess Capacity which is being discussed in the OECD.

 

In addition, this summit served as a forum so that the US and China could discuss a solution towards the ongoing trade war. In fact, the US suspended an additional tariff raise on 300 billion USD Chinese imports; currently, the US measures (i.e. 25% tariff) affect 250 billion USD of Chinese imports.

 

Sources:

https://www.eluniversal.com.mx/mundo/g20-advierte-sobre-los-riesgos-para-economia

https://www.excelsior.com.mx/global/g20-queda-fragmentado-ante-cambio-climatico-y-proteccionismo/1321530

https://lta.reuters.com/articulo/eeuu-china-tregua-idLTAKCN1TS1HC-OUSLT

https://www.nytimes.com/es/2019/06/28/g20-osaka-reuniones/

Mexico-China Relation 

This Monday and Tuesday, Mexican Foreign Affair Minister, Marcelo Ebrard, and the State Councilor and Foreign Minister, Wang Yi, gathered to agree on a joint work plan for the next 5 years with the aim to strengthen the “Strategic Partnership”. The partnership was established in 2013 during the term of Peña Nieto.

This joint work plan aims to promote trade, mainly agricultural exports from Mexico, attract Chinese investment in sectors such as advanced manufacturing, electric mobility, e-commerce, among others. The plan also includes cooperation in education, science and technology, and cultural matters. 

Sources:

https://www.excelsior.com.mx/nacional/pactan-mexico-y-china-ruta-de-5-anos-para-impulsar-el-comercio/1322047

https://aristeguinoticias.com/0406/mexico/mexico-y-china-acuerdan-asociacion-estrategica-integral/https://www.milenio.com/politica/marcelo-ebrard-mexico-busca-comercio-inversion-china

 

Ministry of Economy’s Foreign Offices to Be Closed?

This Tuesday the Senate approved the Federal Austerity Law, which the Chamber of Deputies will shortly discuss and vote.

 

This in itself generates uncertainty because article 15 of said law prohibits foreign “delegations” (except those related to security) and that the Mexican State will be represented abroad only by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. This Law may have as a consequence the closure of the Ministry of Economy’s foreign offices, which are in charge of international trade topics and represent Mexico at international organizations, such as the WTO.

 

If the law is passed as such, experts are worried because the members of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will absorb the tasks, and they lack experience in said topics. Will the members of the Ministry of Economy will be transferred to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs?

 

Sources:

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-07-03/mexico-trade-offices-face-the-ax-as-amlo-pushes-social-spending

https://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/economia/ley-de-austeridad-perfila-cierre-de-oficinas-comerciales-de-mexico-en-el-exterior

https://www.eluniversal.com.mx/columna/ricardo-ramirez-hernandez/cartera/austeridad-o-ineptitud-el-caso-de-la-secretaria-de

https://www.reforma.com/aplicacioneslibre/articulo/default.aspx?id=1714893&md5=c7831ceaada61e3c8335d41ed0275b97&ta=0dfdbac11765226904c16cb9ad1b2efe

 

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News

Modification of Mexican Countermeasures and G20 WTO Reform – The Trading Room

7 Dec , 2018  

This week on the Trading Room:

Mirror Countermeasures

The new Mexican administration is considering to modify its countermeasures in response to the US 232 tariffs on Mexican aluminum and steel imports. In November, the Senate requested the Ministry of Economy to “mirror” the US 232 measures…See More

G20 Leaders: WTO reform

Last week was the G20 Summit held in Buenos Aires. The G20’s Leaders Declaration, a six pages document, address a handful of issues such as: transformative technology, digitalization, inclusive work, renewable energy and global warming, food security, finance, currency, international taxation (BEPS)…See More

Esta semana en Trading Room:

Represalias Espejo

La nueva administración mexicana está considerando modificar sus represalias en respuesta a los aranceles de los EEUU sobre las importaciones de acero y aluminio de México. En noviembre, el Senado solicitó a la Secretaría de Economía medidas espejo” como las que impuso EEUU bajo la Sección 232…Ver más

Líderes del G20: Reforma OMC

La semana pasada se celebró en Buenos Aires la Cumbre del G20. La Declaración de Líderes del G20, un documento de seis hojas, aborda varios temas como: tecnología transformativas, digitalización, trabajo inclusivo, energía renovable y calentamiento global, seguridad alimentaria, finanzas, moneda, tratados tributarios (BEPS)…Ver más

 

The Trading Room

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News

WTO Report on G20 and 232 Measures Under Review

23 Nov , 2018  

This week on the Trading Room:

WTO Report on G20

The WTO issued its 20th monitoring report on the G20 trade measures (from mid-May to mid-October 2018) finding that the introduction of trade restrictive measures have hit a new high, unsurprisingly.

We highlight the following:…See More

232 Measures under WTO Review

On November 21st, the Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) of the WTO, agreed to establish panels to review the tariffs imposed by the US on steel and aluminum imports, following requests of 7 different WTO Members, including Mexico….See More

Esta semana en Trading Room:

Reporte OMC sobre el G20

La OMC emitió su 20° reporte sobre las medidas comerciales del G20, de mediados de mayo a mediados de octubre 2018, encontrando -sin sorpresas- que se registró un nuevo récord de medidas restrictivas.

Destacamos lo siguiente:…See More

Medidas 232 Bajo Revisión OMC

El 21 de noviembre, el Órgano de Solución de Diferencias (OSD) de la OMC acordó el establecimiento de Grupos Especiales (GE) para examinar los aranceles impuestos por EEUU a las importaciones de acero y aluminio en virtud de solicitudes de 7 miembros, incluyendo México….See More

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News

VTZ Trading Room – 21/09/2018

21 Sep , 2018  

This Week on Trading Room:

  • European Union: WTO Modernization vs. China

This Tuesday, Cecilia Malmström, EU Trade Commissioner, presented a concept paper to modernize the WTO. We highlight the proposals aimed at… See More

  • G20 Optimistic in Trade

The G20’s Ministerial Meeting of Trade & Investment took place last Friday, and a Ministerial Statement was issued. We highlight the following three topics… See More

Want to subscribe to our newsletter? Leave a comment or send us an email.

Esta semana en “Trading Room“:

  • Unión Europea: Modernización de la OMC vs China

Este martes, la Comisionada de la Unión Europea en materia de Comercio, presentó un proyecto conceptual para modernizar la OMC. Se destacan las propuestas…Ver más

  • G20 Optimista en el Comercio

El viernes pasado el G20 celebró la Reunión Ministerial de Comercio e Inversiones en donde emitieron una Declaración. Destacamos los siguientes temas…Ver más

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