Emilio Arteaga, Junior Partner of VTZ, participated on Wednesday, September 23 in the Panel “The implications of a Hard Brexit in trade and business Mexico-United Kingdom”, which was co-organized by the British Chamber of Commerce in Mexico.
The Panel focused on where we are now in terms of trade and bilateral treaties, how a hard Brexit will affect trade relations, as well as what the options are for both countries going forward, including WTO rules.
The Panel was made up by Jaime López, Partner of Deforest Abogados, Paddy Kelly, Partner of Laytons LLP, and Emilio Arteaga, Junior Partner of VTZ. The panelists shared the political and economic context surrounding the Mexico-UK trade relationship.
Today, Mexico and the United Kingdom have 97% of their tariff lines liberalized as a result of the European Union – Mexico Free Trade Agreement, which is still in force. However, these preferential tariffs will be lost as a result of a possible and likely Hard Brexit.
Moreover, Mexico and the European Union concluded this year the negotiations regarding the modernization of their FTA. As for the trade in goods, the new EU-Mexico FTA will liberalize all goods, including meat, cheese, chocolate, cereal, pastries, pasta, among other products. For more information, visit our economic newsletter.
In the webinar, Emilio Arteaga provided a brief summary of international trade statistics between Mexico and the UK. For instance, exports from Mexico to the UK amounted to more than 2.5 billion dollars in 2019, while export from the UK to Mexico were equivalent to more than 2 billion dollars.
In the event of a hard Brexit, goods originating from the UK may be subject to Mexican Import Tariffs (import duties), Mexico’s default customs processing fee (i.e. .008% of the customs value), as well as any other applicable internal charge or tax (e.g. VAT and IEPS).
For more information on Mexico’s international trade policy, customs duties, tariffs, or taxes, register for VTZ’s Doing Business in Mexico Guide in the following link: International Trade.
For more information on the most traded goods between Mexico and the UK, check out our partners’ presentation:
Should you have any questions or wish more information, do not hesitate to contact Emilio Arteaga (emilio[@]vtz.mx) or connect with him through Linked-In.
(Download the PDF: Trading Room -21022020)
In UNCTAD’s 2019 investment report, it was mentioned that “Foreign Investors were reassured by the final signature of the revised [NAFTA] (now called the USMCA).” Now, the Mexican Ministry of Economy issued a newsletter reporting the preliminary Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) results. FDI in 2019 increased 4.2% in relation to that of 2018; specifically, Mexico received 32.912 billion USD of inward investment in 2019, while in 31.604 billion USD in 2018.
We highlight that 53% of the FDI was reinvestment earnings, while 39% correspond to new equity flows; also, almost half of the FDI was absorbed by the manufacturing sector, meanwhile, the FDI inward flows mainly originated from USA (36.8%), Spain (12.1%), Canada (9.7%), Germany (9.2%), Italy (4.5%).
Bearing in mind this context, the Minister of Economy, Graciela Marquez, mentioned in a meeting with Senators that there is an expectation that foreign investment will react positively to the incentives that were established in USMCA; and, the Ministry has two tasks to help activate the economy: implementing USMCA and relocating companies that are in China to Mexico. However, the Minister noted that the global economy presents signs of the economic deceleration, not only pertaining to growth but also due to the unknown impact of the coronavirus.
La @SE_mx presenta ante la Comisión De Economía del @senadomexicano los trabajos de MX para la implementación del #TMEC @GMarquezColin @luzmadelamora @LAntonioDLG @RicardoArandaG @IMPI_Mexico pic.twitter.com/AD5xol1kYk
— Orlando (@Orpega) February 19, 2020
As reported in a previous edition, the Ministry of Economy is organizing a seminar about USMCA (as well as CPTPP). This week’s session was about market access, rules of origin and trade facilitation. During the event, it was announced that Mexico has approached the USA and Canada on the matter regarding USMCA’s uniform regulations that have to be adopted and published in the near future. The rules will detail how the parties will interpret and apply the relevant Chapters, such as customs procedures and the rules of origin chapters, e.g. remanufactured goods, recovery of raw materials, auto, etc.
Durante la segunda sesión del #SeminarioEconomíaMX abordamos temas como reglas de origen, acceso a mercado de bienes, administración aduanera y facilitación del comercio, entre otros.
Vuélvela a ver 👉🏽 https://t.co/AwRWFpbdKi
Consulta las presentaciones👉🏽 https://t.co/ohBwPxcFvs pic.twitter.com/QixJ3ZBscb
— Economía México (@SE_mx) February 19, 2020
In an event organized by the Spanish Chamber of Commerce in Mexico, it was announced that the Underminister of International Trade, Luz Maria de la Mora, announced that the negotiations regarding the update of the European Union-Mexico Free Trade Agreement are close to being concluded and that it will be signed at the end of 2020. It has been two years since the Mexican Ministry of Economy and the European Commission announced that there was an agreement in principle, Mexican authorities had also announced that the signature of the update was soon; however, some details had not been sorted out, such as government procurement. One of the main features of the update of the EUMEXFTA is the full liberalization of tariffs since the agricultural sector had been excluded from the original FTA.
Agradezco a @CamescomOficial la invitación para exponerles sobre la política comercial de México, así como de los avances en la modernización del #TLCUEM. España es nuestra 2a fuente de inversión extranjera directa con un capital acumulado de casi 70 mil millones de dólares 🇲🇽🇪🇸 pic.twitter.com/hdEtgOlj2A
— Luz María de la Mora (@luzmadelamora) February 19, 2020